Last July, Doug and I joined the timber-raising of one the carpenters who helped build Underhill House. (Check it out in my post Timberframing with Friends: Sweat, Love and a Little Drama. )
Prairie and his partner Lindsey are restoring an old farmhouse. The back of the house proved too far gone, and they are replacing it with a new kitchen/living area topped by a sunny loft.
The addition is being insulated with straw clay infill. This is a great substance. We’ve visited several homes made this way and participated in a straw clay workshop a few years ago. Straw traps air in the wall and creates a good thermal barrier. The clay hardens fluffy straw into a solid block and provides some thermal mass. The materials are inexpensive, and natural. The skills required are easy to learn in a few minutes. However, everyone I know who has built in straw clay (this includes me) agree that straw clay infill is very hard work. That’s why Doug and I went over this Tuesday to lend a hand.
Prairie has made a lot of progress since July. He’s got the roof on and everything framed in. He had begun the straw clay process, finishing the bottom of the south-facing wall. That’s the easy one, it’s going to be almost half windows in the best passive solar design.
Preparing the Clay Slip
Prairie is using a watering tank to mix the clay slip, a concoction of clay and water mixed together into something that resembles a chocolate shake. When left for a few days, the clay particles sink, so Doug’s first task was to mix it back up again using a mixing paddle on a power drill.
Tossing the Straw and Clay Together
Each straw needs to be very lightly coated with this mixture. Prairie was working with a ratio of about 4-1/2 gallons for each straw bale. There are many ways to combine the slip and the straw. We were working with the basic, fluff-it-with-your-arms method, which gets the job done and is a full-body workout besides. It’s like tossing a huge straw salad until every single piece is lightly coated in clay dressing.
TAMPING AND STAMPING
Straw clay infill is then transformed from a sloppy pile of clay-coated straw on the floor to a solid wall by being molded in a temporary frame. Each bale/batch was gobbled up as soon as it could be mixed. At first the frames were close to the ground, and it was easy to climb in and compact the mixture by foot. We tamped into every little corner and crevice with wooden sticks to make sure every square inch was filled uniformly. That is a LOT of tamping as well as stamping.
We got a good rhythm going with Prairie building frames as fast as Doug, I, Issac and Todd could mix up straw and clay and pack it in. When we reached the top of the first frame, Prairie was ready with the next.
It was exciting to watch the walls slowing rising, though climbing up and finding space to stamp became more challenging.
We called it a day as we all began to feel like our quality control might be starting to slip. By that time – even though it had been raining all day, Prairie was already able to remove the bottom frames, and we got to assess our work. There are always a few soft spots that missed compaction, and those can be filled from the outside with a mixture of straw clay that is a little more wet with clay. It is far from dry, but will hold its shape now and dry faster without the frame.
Until recently, common wisdom was that walls more than 12″ would not dry completely, but that has not been born out in practice, so Prairie is opting for more insulation and pushing to 14″.
The outside will be sided with wood, and the inside will be plastered with earthen clay. It’s so satisfying to watch an old farm house in a beautiful setting get a new lease on life, with the kind of sustainable materials and a sense of community that no doubt built it in the first place.
Great story telling with words and pictures. And its quite the story you have to tell. Like learning about this, tho it’s not a project I’m likely to undertake.
Thanks for your comment.
No, straw clay isn’t right for every building project. I think it works best for small structures, and ones where the builders have a lot of energy to pour into the effort. Our own place is a combo of straw bale and more common foam insulation. The foamed part of the house was done in a day by two men. It was an amazingly quick process. But even though we used castor bean oil foam, which is more green than petroleum products, I’m sure we left a much bigger carbon footprint than Prairie and Lindsey’s wall insulation will.
I’m wondering: how did you learn about the castor bean oil foam? Where did you get it? That is something I might want to use some day, and really don’t know how/where to get it.
Sorry to be so long in responding.
I have looked back through my photos and found a picture of the truck the foamers came in.
Construction and Supply Services
So far, it’s working great. We have been very happy with the way our house holds heat in the winter and cool in the summer.
Hope this is helpful.